Female Infertility Treatment in Hyderabad
Female infertility is a condition where a woman who is under age 35 cannot conceive or become pregnant, even after having sexual intercourse for at least 1 year without protection. In more than one-third of the infertile couples, the problem lies within the female. Fortunately, most cases of female infertility can be treated.
When a woman is diagnosed with infertility, she can receive treatment from a fertility specialist.
What Causes Female Infertility?
Infertility in women can be caused by a variety of factors. However, pinpointing the exact reason for infertility is difficult, and some couples experience unexplained infertility (Idiopathic) or “multifactorial” infertility. The following factors can contribute to female infertility:
The advancing age of a female is one of the biggest barriers to success in overcoming infertility. Around one-third of women above 35 years have difficulty becoming pregnant. Egg count would be the biggest challenge for women of advanced age. For instance, at the time of birth, if she has a million eggs, when she enters her thirties, her egg reserve has decreased to less than half of that.
Age can affect the ability to conceive in numerous ways. Among the ways that aging can affect fertility are:
- Poor Ovarian Reserves
- Poor egg quality
- Health problems that can affect fertility
- More number of miscarriage
- A reduction in monthly egg production
Generally, experts advise women to wait a year before consulting a fertility expert when they are trying to conceive, however, our team recommends women over 35 should consult a doctor after six months.
In 40% of women, ovulation problem is the primary cause of infertility. Your ovaries release an egg for fertilization during your menstruation cycle every month and this process is called ovulation. Having irregular ovulation, or Anovulation (absence of ovulation), affects the ability of women to become pregnant.
Ovulation problems are commonly caused by:
- PCOS – Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Dysfunction of the hypothalamus
- Premature ovarian failure
- Overproduction of prolactin
PCOS is the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. It occurs in between 8% and 10% of women. PCOS causes menstrual irregularities in 80%-90% of women. PCOS is recognized as a cluster of features rather than a disease.
An egg may not be fertilized if there is abnormal tissue in the reproductive system of a woman. The following are the condition that can develop structural problems for a variety of reasons:
- Uterine fibroids (5-10 % of cases)
- Tubal disease (accounts for 25-35 % of female infertility.
- Polyps (noncancerous growths)
- Scarring caused by infections, injuries, or surgery
In some cases, the uterus may have an abnormal shape, which makes hard to implant fertilized eggs and carry a pregnancy of full-term.
Chronic or untreated infections
It is well known that sexually transmitted diseases can negatively impact a woman’s fertility in many ways. For instance, PID (pelvic inflammatory disease) can be triggered by the STD’s gonorrhea and chlamydia, which result in fallopian tube scarring. There is an increased risk of stillbirth when you have syphilis.
Further, the HPV virus can transmit through sexual activities which increases the risk of cervical cancer. It affects the quality or quantity of your cervical mucus, which makes pregnancy more difficult.
What are the treatment options for female infertility?
As soon as the fertility expert confirms you have an infertility problem and the cause behind it, you have several treatment options at your fingertips. The type of treatment depends on the cause of infertility. For instance, surgical procedures may be necessary to fix structural problems, while other conditions like ovulation issues & thyroid disorders can be addressed through hormonal medications.
Some infertility problems are treated through artificial insemination also called intrauterine insemination (IUI) (injecting washed sperm directly into the uterus when it’s time) or in vitro fertilization (IVF) (an embryo is developed in the lab and then is transferred into the uterus).
Getting an effective solution to fertility issues begins with an accurate diagnosis of the problem. Consult Dr. Mounika Reddy, one of the top Gynaecology and Fertility Specialist at IRA Fertility Clinic. She is among the finest doctors who can diagnose fertility issues precisely. She has around 10 years of experience in treating various fertility problems and is an expert in IUI, IVF and ICSI procedures.